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How to get a Blue Card in Germany
Conditions for obtaining a Blue Card in Germany The
German labor market requires highly qualified specialists. 60% of large employers say in surveys: lack of staff is the biggest obstacle to business development.
The called upon to provide an influx of educated foreign workers to Germany Blue Card is- a work visa issued under simplified conditions.
Qualified foreigners are actively using the prospect of moving to Germany. In 2017, 21,727 migrants received residence permits under AufenthG §19a Blaue Karte EU.
A migrant can rely on a Blue Card if the requirements are met: A
- foreigner has a diploma recognized as relevant to German higher education.
- An employment contract has been concluded with a German company.
- The annual salary exceeds 53 600 €.
- The vacancy corresponds to the specialty acquired in a higher educational institution.
An impressive list of requirements helps officials filter highly skilled workers.
A university diploma is the primary condition for acquiring a Blue Card. In addition, it must be established that education is recognized in Germany.
For recognition it will be required: to
- graduate from a state or accredited state university;
- the curriculum and the number of semesters corresponding to the curriculum of the profession in Germany;
- specialty involving higher education.
The German authority Zentralstelle für ausländisches Bildungswesen - ZAB is responsible for checking the diplomas for compliance. Foreigners send audit documents, pay 200 € and receive a verdict - education in Germany is recognized as the highest or not.
Due to differences in educational systems, you should not worry. A bachelor is recognized as a bachelor without any problems - also a tower. A specialist engineer with a five-year training process will remain a specialist.
ZAB has created an anabin database containing information about diplomas sent for verification. If the specialty and the university are already present in anabin, recognition is not required again. A listing of information from the database is enough.
Only highly qualified specialists apply for Blaue Karte. The
paragraph on the Blue Card reads: five-year experience replaces the tower.
However, the following is indicated: a list of professions falling under the condition is compiled by the German Ministry of Labor.
Job Applicant will first have to find a suitable vacancy. Without a work contract or company guarantees for employment, a Blue Card cannot be issued.
It is not easy for foreigners to look for work remotely. There are several reasons.
- The applicant does not take into account German characteristics, sends out a resume, which is sent to the basket in 99 out of 100.
- Not every German employer is aware of migration laws; hiring a foreigner seems too complicated.
- EU citizens have the right to work without restrictions and compete with Russian-speaking specialists from the “third” countries.
However, difficulties are surmountable.
To understand the intricacies of job search will help section of articles on employment in Germany.
Respond more quickly to interview invitations and learn the language at the same time. visa for job search in Germany.
Important! The contract should include higher education at the migrant. An electrical engineer will not be allowed to receive a Blue Card for a job as an electrician, since the profession does not require a higher education from the employee.
For 2019, annual earnings above € 53,600 gross (€ 4,466.67 monthly) allow you to qualify for the German Blue Card.
For representatives of necessary specialties, the threshold is reduced to 41808 € or 3484 € per month with 12 payments.
List of professions:
- IT specialists.
Limit amounts vary annually depending on the size of the Beitragsbemessungsgrenze. The value is used to calculate a large number of values that are important for the German economy. Thus, wage restrictions for the Blue Card in Germany are calculated as two-thirds of the Beitragsbemessungsgrenze.
Compliance with the vacancy of the specialty
The last requirement is the position in the contract and the profession in the diploma must correspond to each other.
Clear rules are not spelled out in the law. The Conclusion of Compliance is accepted by the official reviewing the national visa application.
Software Entwickler / Software
Automation of technological processes and production
Ingenieur als Assistent im Produktmanagement / engineer assistant in the management of the product
Datenbank-Administrator / Database Administrator
Applied Mathematics and Informatics
Assistenzarzt Neurologie / physician assistant in the department of neurology
Should not be the same word for word and specialty. However, it is worth negotiating with the boss the possibility of making changes to the vacancy and the description of the duties in the work contract so that a positive outcome becomes more likely.
IT professionals can expect to receive a Blue Card if they have a higher education.
Officials try to be guided by the experience of past decisions and common sense. It is difficult to predict the result of verification in advance. If you decide that the diploma does not fit the vacancy, a refusal to issue a Blue Card will not hurt to request an ordinary German work visa.
For a number of professions, for example, medical, in addition to a work permit, a separate request for professional activity will be required - Berufserlaubnis.
The advantages of the EU Blue Card
Blaue Karte in comparison with a standard work visa have several advantages:
- The holder of a residence permit under §19a receives permanent residence permit - Niederlassungserlaubnis - after 33 months of stay, and not after 5 years, subject to an initial level of language proficiency.
- Upon presentation of a certificate of level B1, permanent residence is issued after 21 months.
- Spouse rides family reunion without the need to prove the presence of an initial knowledge of German.
- It is allowed to be absent from the European Union for 12 months without losing a German residence permit - against half a year in the usual case.
- In a year and a half, it is possible to move to another EU state under the terms of the Blue Card of the country where the migrant wants to leave.
Due to such advantages, emigrants living in the country on a work visa, for example, according to §18 AufenthG, it makes sense to apply for the Blue Card directly in Germany. You can even issue a Blue Card retroactively if you prove that the conditions have been met for a long time.
Change of employer
In the first two years, a migrant is required to coordinate a change of workplace with the Office for Foreigners - Ausländeramt.
A “binding” to the company is entered into the residence permit. Work is not prohibited to change. After notification, officials check whether the new labor agreement satisfies the terms of the Civil Code, taking into account the current minimum wage limit. If the requirements are met, the agency gives the go-ahead and “ties” the employee to the next employer.
Two years later, advance notice is no longer required and the binding ceases to be valid.
In case of dismissal, the Blue Card holder must immediately notify Ausländeramt and has the right to remain in Germany for three months after the end of the contract, if finances permit.
The right to unemployment benefits is granted after 12 months of uninterrupted payment of monthly social insurance contributions.
Getting a Blue Card
Standard procedure for a migrant:
- recognition of a diploma;
- a contract is concluded;
- An application for a national visa is submitted to the German Embassy, to which the region of residence is tied.
The list of required documents includes:
- translation of the diploma into German;
- confirmation of recognition of higher education - printout from anabin or paper from ZAB;
- employment contract or employment guarantee;
- biography with translation;
- labor book with translation;
- travel health insurance in the early days;
- other applications and documents, for more details see the memo on the website of the German consulate.
You can always ask your questions on our forum. To do this, find the necessary category and create a topic for your question. Describe your situation in detail. Our experts will give an answer to the questions posed. Depending on the complexity of the question, you will need to wait for an answer from 1 to 5 working days.