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Popular professions and average wages 2019
In terms of average wages, Lithuania is inferior not only to most countries of the European Union , but also to its closest neighbors in the Baltic region - Estonia and, to a lesser extent, Latvia. Despite this, employment in Lithuania in some areas of activity is in demand among applicants from the CIS countries. For example, Ukrainians and Belarusians are often interested in working as a driver of heavy vehicles, which can bring a monthly income of more than 1000 euros.
Many foreign entrepreneurs open a business in Lithuania and create additional jobs, which allows them to obtain a Lithuanian residence permit and settle in Europe for a long period. The population of Lithuania totals only 2.9 million people. During the year, unemployment ranges from 7-8%. Next, we denote the level of minimum and average salaries in Lithuania in 2019.
According to official information of the Lithuanian government, the minimum wage in Lithuania from January 1, 2019 is 555 euros per month . The hourly rate is 3.39 euros. Compared to 2018, the salary of Lithuanian workers increased by 155 euros or 38.75%. According to article 144 of the local Labor Code , a standard working week in a country lasts 40 hours, and a daily work period of 8 hours. Based on these indicators, the Lithuanian government sets the minimum wage.
It is worth noting that earlier the Republic of Lithuania occupied the penultimate position in the European Union in terms of the minimum wage. Today, the rate is even lower not only in Bulgaria (285 euros), but also in Romania (440 euros), Hungary (465 euros), Poland (525 euros), as well as neighboring Latvia (430 euros) and Estonia (540 euros). From developed countries such as Germany, France, Belgium and the Netherlands, the gap is 3 times. For example, Dutch workers earn at least 1,615.8 euros per month.
The average salary in Lithuania
According to the official data of the Lithuanian Department of Statistics , the average salary in Lithuania in 2019 is 1,262.7 euros per month before taxes. At the same time, in the public sector, local specialists receive 1 303.7 euros, and in the private sector 1 243.9. After all the required deductions, the net average salary in Lithuania is 802.7 euros . In real terms (including inflation), Lithuanian public sector revenues grew by 16.7% compared to last year, and in private by 10.3%.
Note. A significant increase in income in Lithuania was affected by amendments to the tax system (January 1, 2019), which, among other things, ensured an increase in the minimum wage and base amounts for calculating wages for public servants and employees of budgetary institutions.
The average wage in Lithuania is affected by the profession, qualifications, experience and education of the employee. For example, graduates of Lithuanian universities can expect a higher salary than people without a diploma of higher education. The capital of the Lithuanian state is considered the most attractive city for earning. Working in Vilnius will provide a net average income of 800-900 euros per month and more. True, most young Lithuanians still prefer to look for work abroad.
If we consider individual sectors of the Lithuanian economy, the largest increase in average salaries in 2019 was recorded in the field of health and social work (18.6%), and the slightest increase was observed in transportation and storage (5.5%). Men in Lithuania earn on average 1,340.9 euros per month, and women 1,184.6, that is, the difference is 156.3 euros.
Payroll Taxes in Lithuania
Low wages by the standards of the European Union in Lithuania are compensated by relatively moderate taxes. In particular, the state has a fixed income tax, which is levied at a rate of 15% regardless of the amount of annual earnings. For example, in Latvia a progressive income tax of 20 to 31.4% has already been established.
Salary tax rates in Lithuania in 2019
Income tax - 15%
Health insurance contributions - 19.5% (per employee)
Social insurance tax - 6.98% (per employee)
Lithuanian employer pays taxes on wages of employees to the social security fund in the amount of 1.79%.
Since 2004, Lithuania has been a member of the European Union , and in 2015 joined the euro zone. Despite a noticeable economic lag behind more successful European countries, the Lithuanian authorities are taking a number of measures to improve the well-being of local residents, including regarding the modernization of the labor market and increasing salaries. Next, we will find out what professions are in demand in Lithuania in 2019.
Unemployment in Lithuania during the year varies from 8 to 12%, and inflation does not exceed 3%. The real workforce is just under 1.5 million people. Most employees cover the areas of wholesale and retail, manufacturing and education. On the whole, Lithuanian employers are interested in attracting predominantly highly qualified foreign personnel with a profession demanded by Lithuania.
For legal employment, which implies the issuance of a special permit and work visa to Lithuania , foreign applicants must first find a vacancy and sign an employment contract. This is quite difficult to do, as the local residents and the EU and EFTA citizens (Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway) have the first right to work. At the same time, the vacancy must be open for at least a month, including registration at the Lithuanian labor exchange.
Lithuanian incomes are not the lowest in the European Union. For example, the minimum wage in 2019 is 555 euros per month, which is higher than in neighboring Latvia and Estonia, as well as in Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania and even Poland. According to the official data of the Lithuanian Department of Statistics, before taxes, the average salary in Lithuania is 1,262.7 euros per month. After all the required deductions, workers have at their disposal 802.7 euros.
The most sought-after professions in Lithuania
The most popular among foreigners, especially Ukrainians and Belarusians, is the work in Lithuania as a truck driver, usually in international transport. In addition, engineers, builders, programmers, and agricultural workers are considered to be in short-term professions.
REQUESTED PROFESSIONS IN LITHUANIA - LIST
1 Drivers of trucks and cars (taxi drivers, truckers)
2 Doctors (different directions)
3 Engineers (different directions)
5 Managers (business sector, sales, customer support)
8 Programmers (different directions)
10 Agricultural workers
11 Social workers
12 Marketing specialists
13 Construction workers (electricians, welders, concrete workers)
Note The information is based on data from Lithuanian and international recruitment agencies.
In conclusion, we note that the income tax rate in Lithuania is 15%. In the well-known Doing Business ranking on business attractiveness in 2019, the country ranks 14th. Here are affordable prices for real estate, food and services. Therefore, many foreigners not only work, but also open their own business in Lithuania , and young people enter prestigious Lithuanian universities , for example, the famous Vilnius University.
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