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Traveling in Lithuania
1. Vilnius Old Town (Vilnius)
Vilnius Old Town
Sights of Lithuania begin with the Old Town of Vilnius. This is a real historical center, in which the special atmosphere of past centuries reigns and there are many cultural monuments.
In the Vilnius Old Town, ancient architecture is almost completely preserved. Narrow streets, paved with paving stones and cobblestones, suggest the possibility of only walking. During a walk along these ornate paths that run between ancient stone buildings, you can find yourself near no less interesting churches - Orthodox, Lutheran, Catholic. Among the noteworthy objects are museums, hotel yards, educational institutions, residential buildings. Here you can get acquainted with Gothic architecture, see buildings created in the Renaissance, Art Nouveau, Classicism, Baroque style.
In addition to visual acquaintance with the historical part of the city, a walk through the old Vilnius suggests an opportunity to have a bite to eat in a cozy cafe or restaurant. There are also many souvenir shops where you can buy something as a gift to relatives and friends.
2. Trakai castle (Trakai)
Sights of Lithuania are full of amazing natural colors and real architectural masterpieces. This is how one can characterize Trakai Castle, located 30 km from Vilnius and near the small ancient town of Trakai.
The island castle is represented by a Gothic architectural ensemble. In the center rises a huge princely palace. The main building is surrounded by powerful defensive walls and many towers.
Trakai Castle - this is what you need to see in Lithuania without fail. The impression will be made not only by the external picture of the architectural drawing. Particularly noteworthy is a tour of the halls of the palace. The front rooms of the palace are decorated with frescoes, stucco molding, stained-glass windows. Every detail of the internal and external environment speaks of the wealth of people who once lived in these walls. Even horse saddles used gold here.
A special romance of the excursion walk to the walls of the Trakai Castle is the opportunity to admire the water surface of the lakes Gelviy and Luka, washing the approaches to the old building.
3. Resort town of Neringa (Curonian Spit)
Resort town of Neringa
It is difficult to imagine the sights of Lithuania without the resort town of Neringa. This fairly young tourist corner of the country is especially recommended by guides, answering the question of what to visit in Lithuania in the first place.
The resort town of Neringa was founded in 1961. However, the history of the origin of this wonderful place goes far back centuries.
Neringa is located on the Curonian Spit. The resort town is rightly called the pearl of Lithuania. A refuge for artists, as well as an attractive place for tourists from all over the world. There you can truly relax and unwind.
Neringa beaches are distinguished by the highest level of organization and environmental friendliness. Many hotels and private hotels welcome visitors all year round. In these places you can fish, relax actively or simply enjoy walks to places of interest and relaxation by the water. Neringa is famous for tall pine trees, unique vegetation, clean air and a mild climate. This is exactly the place where you can improve the body and relax your soul.
4. Curonian Spit National Park (between Klaipeda and Kaliningrad)
Dunes of the Curonian Spit Park
Sights of Lithuania occupy a vast territory. Literally every corner of the country is interesting in terms of tourism.
Near the city of Klaipeda is a unique area - Curonian Spit. Part of this area is located on the territory of Lithuania - Neringa, and part of the Curonian Spit belongs to the Kaliningrad region of the Russian Federation - a national park.
The territory of the park is washed by the salty waters of the Baltic Sea and the freshwater Curonian Lagoon.
The colors of the dune landscapes are truly impressive. In this place a combination of fir and birch forests has been collected. Vegetation will surprise not only biologists. The brightness of local plants and the uniqueness of the geographical image will inspire the spirit of genuine natural beauty and ordinary tourists. Ecotourism is common here. They come to this park to relax their souls, breathe in fresh air with full breasts and enjoy the untouched beauty of the wild.
Not far from the Curonian Spit there are three residential villages and several tourist centers.
5. Kaunas Castle (Kaunas)
Ancient Kaunas Castle
Sights of Lithuania such as Kanuassky Castle are required to visit as part of a study tour of the country. After all, this is something that is especially interesting to see in Lithuania, from the point of view of historical interest, as well as in terms of exploring the unusual architecture of past times.
To date, almost a third of the buildings have survived. The castle is represented by Gothic architectural style. The round structure is made of stone. Around the preserved main part of the castle there are two turrets, fragments of the fortification wall and other small buildings with intricate shapes.
The history of this Lithuanian attraction can be found in the museum, organized in one of the towers. It is noteworthy that the castle regularly hosts colorful theatrical performances. This place hosts many recreational activities that may interest tourists. Guides in Kaunas recommend visiting the annual operetta festival, medieval music concerts, costume shows.
6. Amber Museum in Palanga (Palanga)
Amber Museum in Palanga
What to visit in Lithuania? Of course, the Amber Museum located in the city of Palanga! This is a unique museum that colorfully tells the story of the “sun stone". Having been in the walls of this attraction, you can plunge into the bright colors of a stone fairy tale.
The Amber Museum was opened in 1963 in a building that once belonged to the famous historical figure - Count Tyszkiewicz. The count's palace was built in 1897. Today, the walls of the building have been restored, and the surrounding areas are adapted for comfortable walks and relaxation. But the most interesting is in the 15 halls of the palace. A unique collection of amber appears before the eyes of visitors as soon as they cross the threshold of the museum. To consider the “living” beauty of stone, to feel the attractiveness of amber, to listen to fascinating stories about the extraction of Lithuanian “gold” - all this is offered as part of a visit to the museum. Here, tourists are told about the life of the founder of the city of Palanga - Count Tyszkiewicz. After visiting the museum, you can take a walk in the park located near the palace.
7. Mount of Crosses (near Šiauliai)
Lithuanian Christian Landmark Cross Mountain
Sights of Lithuania related to local shrines are especially interesting and impressive! For example, the famous Hill of Crosses is a must see in Lithuania.
An unusual hill is located about 12 kilometers from the city of Siauliai. On a hill over 50 thousand crosses of various sizes and shapes are installed. Something remotely resembles a cemetery, but there are no graves in this place. This cluster of creeds is explained by legend. It turns out that people, setting a cross on a hill, hope to call for luck. It is such a reward that everyone who sets his cross on the mountain will receive, according to the prediction.
In this place you can see crosses of various types. Huge wooden crucifixes and small crosses are collected here. There are whole sculptures created in the form of the holy appearance of Christ, and there are simple wooden crosses without additional patterns and inscriptions.
The atmosphere at this place is strange but bright. This is what is really worth a visit in Lithuania. The memories after visiting the holy hill will remain vivid. And, as you know, luck may indeed smile.
8. The old part of the city of Kaunas (Kaunas)
Kaunas Old Town
The sights of Lithuania are crowned, perhaps, by the most impressive part of the country - the old city of Kaunas. In the old part of Kaunas, a huge number of unusual architectural monuments are concentrated. There is a rich atmosphere. The area is simply mesmerizing with beauty.
To start a journey through the old part of the city is from Town Hall Square. Here you can see the former Wedding Palace, and now the White Swan of Kaunas - the City Hall. Further along the way, you can see the Kaunas Cathedral of Peter and Paul. The pedestrian Vilnius street deserves special attention. Here you can walk, enjoy the beauties of the old part of the city. The street is very busy and bright. Walking along it you can see many strange buildings. Some of the buildings were given for living quarters, but a larger number of buildings are occupied by cozy cafes, souvenir shops, and shops. After a walk along the pedestrian street Viljanius, and visiting shops and cafes, you should go to Laisves Alley - this is the widest pedestrian boulevard of the old city.
9. Cathedral (Vilnius)
Cathedral Basilica of St. Stanislav and Vladislav in Vilnius
The list of places that must be visited as part of exploring Lithuania would not be complete without such an attraction as Vilnius Cathedral. This is the most important Roman Catholic Cathedral in Lithuania. The temple was given the status of a "small basilica."
The history of the cathedral goes back centuries. The temple building literally “remembers” the days of the founding of Vilnius. This is the oldest temple in Lithuania, in which the great Lithuanian princes were crowned.
The cathedral is located in the very center of Vilnius, at the foot of the Castle Hill.
The building has gone through many changes, including destructive ones. Nevertheless, today the cathedral maintains the status of the most beautiful architectural monument of Lithuania. The building is made in the style of classicism. Outwardly, the cathedral resembles an ancient Greek temple. Inside, the cathedral is no less attractive in terms of decoration. Unique paintings, murals and other works of art create a unique flavor of the interior of the temple. A museum is organized on the lower tier of the cathedral, in which history is carefully kept from pagan times.
10. Witch Mountain (Curonian Spit)
Wooden sculpture on Witch Mountain
Sights of Lithuania not only impress with their beauty, but also shake with mystery. Witch Mountain is something that is absolutely necessary to see in Lithuania!
A mystical place is located in the area of the Curonian Spit. Witches Mountain is represented by a beautiful dune, having a parabolic shape.
There are mysterious rumors and curious legends around this amazing attraction. It is believed that this mountain appeared, thanks to the Giantess Neringa.
Arriving in these places, you can enjoy the fabulous scenery of local nature. Intricate sculptures of heroes of Lithuanian folklore are installed on the mountain. Walking along the mountain, you can literally feel the mystical atmosphere of this place.
If you manage to view the mountain from afar, you can understand why there is an opinion that the mountain is divided by light and dark forces. Visually, the hill is divided into two colors. One half of the mountain is brighter than the second.
Even those who do not believe in fairy tales will be curious to visit Mount Witches. Clean air, beautiful nature, a special local relief - this is something that in itself captivates the eyes and without accompaniment of fairy tales and mysterious legends.
11. The Church of St. Anne and the Bernardine Church (Vilnius)
Church of St. Anne
Sights of Lithuania are represented by a variety of local shrines. One of the most interesting architectural monuments located in Vilnius is the Cathedral of St. Anne and the Bernard Church.
The temple is located in the Old Town on Myron Street. The building was created in a classic Gothic style. The architecture of the shrine impresses with its forms and the depth of the transfer of style.
Going to this attraction of Lithuania, you can enjoy not only the unique architectural design of the building, but also touch the history. The temple organized an exposition depicting the history of the oldest building of the cathedral, from the time when there was a pagan sanctuary to the present day.
In the lower tier of the temple are the tombs of famous personalities: princes, bishops, nobles. In the main building of the temple there are fourteen altars with wooden sculptures of saints.
The beauty and attractiveness of this temple is difficult to convey in words. It is better to see once and see for yourself how beautiful the architectural image of the capital of Lithuania is.
12. The Tyszkiewicz Palace (Palanga)
The Tyszkiewicz Palace of the late 19th century in the middle of a green garden on the banks of the Renji river in Palanga
One of the most popular Lithuanian resorts is Palanga, where people go to enjoy the cleanest pine air, relax in the sands of the Curonian Spit and plunge into the waters of the Baltic Sea. Palanga owes a lot of its amenities to the Tyszkiewicz family, which made a significant contribution to the arrangement of the resort town, the development of a network of roads and local beaches. And the count's estate of Tyszkiewicz, an elegant and noble palace became the symbol of the resort. Once it was wooden and served as the summer residence of the counts, and years later, one of the eminent heirs decided to settle here for a long time, therefore, he instructed a German architect to design a new stone structure. The new two-story palace acquired the features of Baroque, Renaissance and Classicism, and after restoration in the 50s of the last century, it opened to the public. Today, the world-famous Amber Museum, a gemstone rich in the Baltic coast, is open in the halls of the palace.
13. Lithuanian Maritime Museum – Aquarium (Klaipeda)
Lithuanian Maritime Museum in the building of the old Kopgalis Fort in Klaipeda Algirdas
Water shows featuring Black Sea dolphins and sea lions at the ViršuLF Maritime Museum-Aquarium
Klaipeda Maritime Museum can be called one of the best options to see in Lithuania in winter. This cozy and fascinating location is located on the northern tip of the Curonian Spit in the premises of Kolgalis - a defensive fortress of the 19th century. In total, the museum complex includes several departments - in addition to the Maritime Museum itself, it houses the Curonian Spit Natural Museum, an aquarium and a dolphinarium. On the way to the fortress, the Maritime Museum is the first, where you can get acquainted with the life of local fishermen and see a ship built by an amateur fisherman based on ancient drawings. The fort building has a complex of aquariums - 34 small and one huge, which contains more than a hundred species of fish and other inhabitants of the Baltic Sea and the Curonian Lagoon. Finally, the main pride of the museum is the dolphinarium, where performances are regularly held and interesting facts about the life of dolphins are highlighted.
14. Spicy Brama (Vilnius)
Chapel for the icon of the Mother of God of Ostrobramskoy over the gates of the city wall in Vilnius
Ostrobramskaya icon of the Mother of God of the XIX century Alma Pater
Once, at the beginning of the 16th century, Vilnius was surrounded by a powerful fortified wall with five gates, some of which have survived to our time - these are the Gates of Sharp Gate. Some people associate such an unusual name with the surname of the princes of Ostrog, others with long metal awnings with which the fortress wall was seated. One way or another, today Sharp Brama is an architectural monument in which the Gothic style and the Renaissance were mixed. The attic of the gate is decorated with the Lithuanian coat of arms and the image of Hermes in a winged helmet, the coat of arms of the Principality of Lithuania crowns the outside of the tower, a fresco depicting the Savior underneath it, and a small section of the restored fortress wall is preserved to the right of the tower. Directly above the gates, the Chapel of Our Lady of Ostrobram is erected - this is one of the most famous and revered images in Lithuania. It is believed that the icon of the Virgin Mary, located inside, has miraculous power.
15. Gediminas Tower (Vilnius)
Top view of the western tower of the Upper Castle in Vilnius
The historical centers of the Baltic capitals are real treasures of antiquities with narrow cobbled streets, odious cathedral spiers, mysterious alleys and mystical cellars of old houses. The sights of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania will clearly tell about the centuries-old heritage of the Baltic states, a special place among which is given to medieval castles and historical towers. Thus, the Gediminas' Tower, which bears the name of the founder of the capital, Prince Gediminas, decorates the Old Town of Vilnius. The 48-meter tower rises on Castle Hill, from its top a beautiful view of Old Vilnius opens. Once the tower was part of the Upper Castle, built in the 14-15th centuries, and today, among the fortifications, only Gediminas was preserved in its original form. The tower was repeatedly destroyed and rebuilt, and in its modern form it is an octagonal structure, within the walls of which a branch of the Lithuanian National Museum.
16. Laisves Alley (Kaunas)
Laisves Alley - a place of rest and leisurely walks in Kaunas Phillip Capper
Laisves is the Lithuanian Freedom Alley in Kaunas, which is a pedestrian street more than 1.5 km long and up to 27 meters wide. This is a great place for walking and relaxing, located not far from the Old Town, therefore, visiting the historical center, you can sooner or later get to Laisves. Beautiful green boulevard is framed by slender rows of lindens, maples and chestnuts, and along it are many shops and souvenir shops, bars and cafes, museums and theaters, monuments and fountains. So, once you get to this alley, you can always find something for you to enjoy - whether it's shopping, a cultural program or even a bike ride. Laisves is a kind of mirror of the life of the city - regularly it becomes the venue for festivals and various processions, festive and tragic events. The latter include the act of self-immolation as a protest against the Soviet occupation, which was carried out by Romas Calante in 1972 - a memorial plaque was erected in the alley in memory of this hero.
17. Park of Europe (19 km from Vilnius)
The space of unknown growth Magdalena Abakanovich in the open air in the park of Europe Legionas
Sculpture of Sol Le Witt Pyramid of double negativity in the territory of the European Park
Lithuania's tourist map shows that just 20 km from Vilnius there is an open-air art museum, where the beauty of nature and the charm of modern art are intertwined in an amazing way. Europa Park is located right in the middle of the forest, and its origins originate in the early 1990s. It was then that it became known that the geographical center of Europe was located in this place, which it was decided to designate through art. The initiator of the arrangement of the park was the sculptor Gintaras Karosas, who turned to colleagues from all over the world with a proposal to participate in the presentation and place his work here. The sculpture park began its existence with the installation of a stone pyramid, on which an indicator of distances to all European capitals is installed. Later, the collection was replenished with hundreds of art objects,which artists and sculptors from many world countries donated to the park.
18. IX Fort of the Coven Fortress (Kaunas)
IX Fort of the Coven Fortress - one of the largest attractions of Kaunas
Prison cell in the ninth fort of the Coven Fortress in Kaunas
For those who are interested in Lithuanian military attractions, the presentation recommends visiting the city of Kaunas. It is here that the Coven Fortress is located - a masterpiece of fortification, which could become one of the centers of tourism, if not for the gloomy milestone in its history: during the Second World War, this fort became the site of the mass extermination of Jews and Poles. Tens of thousands of people were killed in 7 and 9 forts, among them the 9th was used as a prison for captives. When the prison was overcrowded, its prisoners were driven into a ditch and shot, and their bodies were bombarded with slaked lime and burned in order to destroy any evidence of a massive murder. However, 60 prisoners still managed to escape, and the atrocities of the Nazis became known even before the end of the war. Today, among all the fortifications, the 9th fort was better preserved than the rest, it was restored,and within its walls is a museum dedicated to the tragedy of the Holocaust.
19. The city of Druskininkai (south of Lithuania)
View of the spa town of Druskininkai from Lake Drusconis in Lithuania Juliux
Magnificent pine forests, wide sandy beaches, the emerald sea, ancient estates, healthy holidays and effective treatment - all this is resort Lithuania. Cities -resorts, although not always can boast of clear and warm weather, but the local sea air, mixed with the aroma of pine needles, is extremely pleasant and healthy. One of the most famous and popular balneological resorts in the country is Druskininkai - a number of mineral springs are concentrated here, on the basis of which local health resorts operate. In addition to waters of varying degrees of mineralization, local soils are also valued for medicinal peat mud, which is used in the treatment of a wide variety of diseases. In addition to sanatoriums, the resort has a number of spa centers, hotels, hospitals, entertainment centers for adults and children. Also Druskininkai regularly becomes the venue for interesting events - festivals and master classes.
20. Palace of the Grand Dukes of Lithuania (Vilnius)
Facade of the reconstructed palace overlooking Cathedral Square at the monument to Gediminas Poznaniak
The palace of the Grand Dukes of Lithuania is not an ordinary historical castle: on the one hand, it is the most important national symbol of the country, and on the other, a new building, recreated today after the model of the 15th century building. In the 4-8 centuries, the first settlement was located on this place, and the structures were wooden, in the 13th century the first stone fortifications appeared. The ancient lower castle was built in the 15th century, but over the next 3 centuries it was rebuilt, changing the architectural style, and by the 17th century it was dilapidated after the invasion of Russian troops. The idea to restore the original building appeared in the 80s of the last century, and only in the early 2000s it began to be realized. After 7 years, the castle was erected and officially opened, and after another 6 years - it received its first visitors. Today, expositions are presented here,revealing the role of an old residence and showing various historical finds.
21. Ethnographic Museum Rumšiškės (Lithuania)
Outbuildings in the open air at the Rumšiškės Ethnographic Museum in Lithuania Phillip Capper
About 30 kilometers from Kaunas is located Rumšiškės - an extensive ethnographic open-air museum, which reveals all the natural beauty of the Lithuanian region. It is here that in its entirety you can feel the spirit of Lithuania, plunge into the atmosphere of the past and hear the story about Lithuania of the 18-20 centuries. On 174 hectares of the museum there are almost 2 hundreds of buildings brought from different regions of the country, while the age of some structures exceeds 200 years. Against the background of natural landscapes, huts, farm buildings, mills, chapels, a farm and front gardens are located. Along all this splendor, a ring hiking trail with a length of about 6 kilometers was laid. The central place in the park is occupied by the area lined with cobblestones, where the atmosphere of the old county is recreated. Here, in the old tavern, you can taste the dishes of national cuisine, and in the museum of folk life you can see how clay pots are made, lace is woven, jewelry made from amber, leather and wood.